The western armies seemed unstoppable, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman presented Savannah, Georgia to Lincoln as a Christmas offering. After departing Atlanta on November 15, 1864, Sherman’s army had hollowed out the interior of the Confederacy with relentless and mechanical efficiency. The entire Union army was assembled at Bentonville by 4 pm. BG William B. Taliaferro, Butler's Division Expecting perhaps a handful of tents, they spotted something that was not supposed to be there at all—the entire Confederate Army of Tennessee. “Brush them out of the way,” said the commander as he left to join Howard. A series of Confederate attacks on the XX Corps began about 5 pm. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick, hoped to catch and destroy Hampton’s cavalry. Georgia howled, and the tide of war shifted permanently in favor of the North. Daniels ordered a hasty withdrawal half a mile west to the home of John and Amy Harper, where he set up a new hospital. As the day faded, heavy rain began to fall again and pelted the battlefield all night. Here it served under the Generals Slaughter and Cantey, and various companies were trained as heavy artillerists. Gen. G.P. Ltc William A. Ryan, (Arrived on the battlefield March 21) Sherman’s cavalry had reached North Carolina on March 3, and his infantry entered the Old North State from South Carolina five days later. Bate, Taliaferro, and McLaws formed their troops and charged five times, but each time were driven back by musket and cannon fire. Johnston commended him in a report, stating that he was “gallantly charging in the foremost rank.” Young Hardee was taken away for treatment but died three days later. Even the headquarters guard and the general’s personal escort were thrown into the battle. There, the east-west-running North Carolina Railroad intersected with the north-south-running Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, a vital Confederate transportation route during most of the war. Bloomfield’s men rushed to Mill Creek to prevent the burning of the bridge. Preferring to avoid further casualties, the Union commander hoped that Johnston would simply withdraw.    Besides Stewart, Hardee, and Bragg, senior commanders from the ill-fated Army of Tennessee also included Maj. Gens. Holding the Mill Creek Bridge near Bentonville could become a matter of life or death. March 11, 2015. Gen. William P. Carlin was struck by the agitated and fearful attitude of the civilians. All claimed to be Union captives who became “Galvanized Yankees,” getting out of POW camps by joining the Confederates. The Campaign of the Carolinas, aka Carolinas Campaign, was the final campaign in the Western Theater* of the Civil War. Davis peered at the men in the dim light and snapped, “No they’re not!” Riding a few steps closer, Davis suddenly realized, “Yes, they are!” Davis called up a brigade to clear the woods, and minutes later, Carlin set out again to find Miles’ brigade. Union sharpshooters found cover in Cole’s farm and sniped at Hill’s men. By first light, elements of Hazen’s division, which had been part of Howard’s rear guard, were the first Union reinforcements to arrive. With the Texans was General Hardee’s only son, 17-year-old Willie Hardee. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bentonville_Confederate_order_of_battle&oldid=913599859, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23rd-26th-45th Tennessee: Col Anderson Searcy, 58th North Carolina: Cpt George W.F.    Hoke, as well as Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws, had served with the Army of Northern Virginia. Hoke’s center at the road formed the point of a shallow V, with his left south of the road and his right north of the road bent to the rear to conform with the edge of an open field. The battle, which... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Battle of Nashville (December 15–16, 1864), American Civil War engagement in which Confederate Lieutenant General John B. The Battle of Bentonville was a veritable who’s-who of discarded Confederate leaders: Joe Johnston, Braxton Bragg, Lafayette McLaws, Alfred Colquitt, Evander Law, and William B. Taliaferro were just some of the hapless commanders on the field. At last, detachments of Bate’s and Walthall’s skirmishers drove out the sharpshooters and set fire to Cole’s home and outbuildings. By sunrise, the last of Johnston’s troops had filed across the Mill Creek Bridge. At last, outnumbered and yielding to pressure, Fearing withdrew and formed a new line about 300 yards back, anchored with its left on the Goldsboro Road. Anderson escaped with the gun. Slocum was convinced he faced only enemy cavalry and artillery, not an entire army. It would take time to march the infantry in from Smithfield and Elevation, so it was imperative that Hampton and Wheeler delay the enemy as much as possible to keep them from reaching Cole’s Plantation before defenses were ready. As the momentous year 1864 drew to a close, the armies of the Union stood poised to … In the annals of military history magazines, this is one of those moments. As he had not been able to scan the ground himself, he trusted Hampton for the broad outlines of where to post his troops. On a map, the Confederate deployments resembled a net, with Hoke’s left as the handle. A correspondent for the New York Herald reported that one Confederate cannon shot killed two foragers and four horses. Anderson almost didn’t make it to the battle; he had fallen sick and that morning had been ordered to ride in an ambulance. On this day in 1865, at the Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, Confederate General Joseph Johnston makes a desperate attempt to stop Union General William T. Shermans drive through the Carolinas in the Civil Wars last days; however, Johnstons motleyforce cannot stop the advance of Shermans mighty army. Hood attempted to retake Nashville from an occupying Federal army, despite having a significant numerical disadvantage. Lt. Col. Charles W. Broadfoot, commanding a regiment of Junior Reserves, remembered, “It was painful to see how close their battle flags were together, regiments being scarcely larger than companies and a division not much larger than a regiment should be.”. The last major Confederate offensive in which the Confederates chose the ground and made the initial attack. Johnston did not intend to be brushed away so lightly. Hoke held a sketchy line of shallow defenses, and part of his position was held by three regiments of North Carolina Junior Reserves, who except for the officers were untried soldiers all 16 or 17 years of age. The figure didn’t include the wounded in the rest of Johnston’s forces. All the army is coming toward you as fast as possible.”. On April 26, Johnston surrendered his army, along with all Confederate forces in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. However, the diversion of McLaws weakened the major attack Johnston was about to unleash. Although perhaps necessary, the halt stalled Confederate momentum, and Bragg’s failure to order Hoke’s troops to join the attacks near their peak dampened their chance of success. Morgan quickly got his men to work building log defensive works. After entering south-central North Carolina, Sherman’s cavalry commander, Brig.      Buell’s brigade, to Hobart’s left, and Lt. Col. David Miles and his brigade on the right. The official estimate would put the losses at roughly one-eighth of Johnston’s force. The only major Confederate attempt to stop Sherman after the Battle of Atlanta, August, 1864. Hampton and Wheeler also threw in their cavalry to stop Mower. On the Union side, Davis and Carlin narrowly escaped capture. The official estimate would put the losses at roughly one-eighth of Johnston’s force. The Battle of Bentonville: A Clash Too Late. Working with General P.G.T. Johnston began drawing together the various units of his new command. The Federals took cover behind fences and returned musket fire. Confederate casualties at Bentonville were officially reckoned as 239 dead, 1,694 wounded, and 673 missing, for a total of 2,606. The battle served the twin Confederate goals of delaying Slocum and forcing some distance between the two wings of Sherman’s army. Now Robinson held a point on the Goldsboro Road. Harper, 1st-2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted): Ltc Morton G. Galloway, Nutt’s Louisiana Cavalry Company (Dismounted), 4th Florida Infantry-1st Florida Cavalry (dismounted), 61st North Carolina: Ltc Edward Beatty Mallett (, 3rd Regiment, North Carolina Artillery (6 companies), 2nd Regiment-1st Battalion North Carolina Artillery, Adams's Battery (Company D, 13th Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery), 1st North Carolina Junior Reserves: Col Charles W. Broadfoot, 20th North Carolina Battalion, Junior Reserves, 13th Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery (3 companies), Company B (Atkins' Battery): Cpt George Atkins, 3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery (3 companies), 50th North Carolina: Col George W. Wortham, 77th North Carolina (7th Senior Reserves), 10th North Carolina Battalion, Heavy Artillery, H. M. Stuart's Battery (Beaufort Light Artillery), Earle's South Carolina Battery: Cpt William E. Earle, Hart's (Halsey's) South Carolina Battery: Cpt Edwin L. Halsey, Shaw's Tennessee Battalion (includes Allison’s Tennessee Squadron), This page was last edited on 2 September 2019, at 02:01. Also notable historic Civil War personalities. There were no more than a dozen structures in the whole village. Alfred Terry and John Schofield, who were advancing from New Bern and Wilmington. Brush them out of the way.” Since Atlanta, little effective resistance had been put in Sherman’s path by the dying Confederate states. The Battle of Bentonville (March 19–21, 1865) was the last large scale Civil War battle and it was also the last battle to occur between the armies of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. army took place at Bentonville Battlefield in North Carolina on March 19-21, 1865. In Virginia, the Union general-in-chief, Ulysses S. Grant, was making plans. Contents 1st position -- 2nd position -- 3rd position. Sherman, who had been with the left wing, conferred with Slocum and Davis about 6 am, before heading out to join Howard and the right wing. Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia would be effectively surrounded. The terrible truth dawned on the general that he had ridden through a Confederate picket line. American Civil War products including Union Generals, Confederate Generals, and Civil War Battlefields. Brig. Hoke’s command took heavy casualties while assaulting Morgan’s front, without shifting the Union division. On March 21, Johnston was still in place behind his entrenchments. It was late in the evening when Sherman got a fresh report confirming that Slocum was engaged with Johnston’s entire army. It also made it easier to move it along the available roads, which were rough at the best of times and were now deep in mud from a long spell of above average rain. Hampton headed Johnston’s cavalry, with the able assistance of “Fighting Joe” Wheeler. Stewart’s men, funneled through a single road, were still filing into place well after daybreak. Now fully aware of the danger, Slocum sent Major Joseph Foraker with a message explaining that he was confronted by Johnston’s entire army and asking Sherman to send reinforcements. Scattered as far away as Mississippi, it would take time to assemble all his forces, given the South’s overloaded and failing rail network. By the time the last charge was over, after sundown, about 500 Confederates had been hit, twice the Union loss. Reaching Goldsboro, Sherman added the forces of Major Generals John Schofield and Alfred Terry to his command. Nearby, the North Carolina Railroad allowed the transfer of troops and supplies from Raleigh, Greensboro, and Charlotte. The largest Civil War land engagement in North Carolina, the Lieutenant Arthur Webster and several men retrieved their colors from the water.    Stevenson's Division I will be near him.”. Gen. Benjamin Fearing, they charged and managed to stall Hardee’s advance for a time. Five days later, Johnston and Sherman agreed to an armistice at the Bennett House, near Durham. BG Evander M. Law, Allen's Division Taking over command of the Department of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina, as well as the remnants of the Army of Tennessee and the Department of North Carolina, Johnston had been directed—somewhat optimistically—to “thwart the designs of the enemy.” It was a little late for that. Bentonville Confederate order of battle. Sherman, a few miles away, knew nothing of the rapidly assembling Confederate force. I can do no more than annoy him. The Confederates were in full retreat, and Sherman was happy to let them go. As the Army of Tennessee started digging in, Belknap’s foraging party suddenly appeared in its front. General Sherman and the battle of Bentonville. Sherman was still convinced that the Confederates were going to retreat anyway. Sovereign Media, 6731 Whittier Avenue, Suite C-100 McLean, VA 22101, From Tolkien to Hitler: Famous Soldiers of World War I, The Battle for Omaha Beach: The Men of the D-Day Invasion, Napoleon Bonaparte’s Last Campaign: The Battle of Waterloo, Operation Barbarossa: World War II’s Eastern Front, The Battle of Gettysburg: Turning Point of the American Civil War, The Battle of Bentonville: General Joseph E. Johnston’s Last Stand, What Made the German Luger the Most Famous Pistol in Modern Warfare, The Essential Role of Navy PBR Boats in the Vietnam War, Soldiers: Ancient Greek General Epaminondas, The Real Story of General George Patton, Jr’s Death & Final Days, Lucian K. Truscott: The Soldier’s General, Clash at Bald Hill: Atlanta’s Bloodiest Day, Rolling the Dice: Robert E. Lee at Petersburg. His gunners scrounged bullets from the infantry, wrapped handfuls of them in rags, and rammed them in after their canister rounds. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. Playing next. Confederate casualties at Bentonville were officially reckoned as 239 dead, 1,694 wounded, and 673 missing, for a total of 2,606. With his reinforced army, Sherman could move on to the state capital of Raleigh, then march north to join Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s massed Union forces in Virginia. When the commander found out about the attack, he ordered Mower to stay in place. In March 1865, General William T. Sherman’s army entered North Carolina after marching through South Carolina with little opposition. Union artillery in action on the Morris Farm during the Battle of Bentonville, March 19, 1865. Thousands of pine torches flared and smoked, lighting the way for the march to continue long into the night. This time, things would be different. Several hundred yards behind Carlin was the Riddick Morris farm, where Slocum had his headquarters and surgeon Waldo Daniels had set up the XIV Corps hospital. Ltc John F. Smith, Brown's Division But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. Abbreviations used Military rank. The battlefield is The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Bentonville of the American Civil War. There was one great danger for a Confederate stand at Bentonville. One of the guns was visible, its horses hitched before the gunners had been driven away. Slocum was worried about the growing battle noise, but only that it might delay Sherman and Howard from their march. Much of the countryside was covered in thick woods and cut by streams and swamps that hampered Confederate movements. The Federal troops broke up the picket line, then rode over a small rise. His new army contained soldiers from all 11 Confederate states as well as the border state of Kentucky. XHTML: You can use these tags:
. Wanting no delays, Slocum ordered Carlin to attack vigorously and push on. Hampton withdrew to the Cape Fear River port of Fayetteville, linking up with Hardee’s infantry before abandoning the city on March 11. BG James Argyle Smith, (Arrived on the battlefield March 20) On the night of March 17, Hampton camped near Bentonville, a small unincorporated hamlet 15 miles south of Smithfield. Gen. John D. Kennedy of McLaws’ division found “the smoke was so thick that it was impossible to see ten yards ahead, hence I could form no idea of the force of the enemy in my front.”. Estimated total casualties during the battle range from 4,100 to 4,700 men. A short distance from Hoke’s right began the Army of Tennessee, under Stewart, extending in a roughly perpendicular direction. Carlin offered to post some guards to protect their house, but Cox replied, “Oh, that won’t save us!” Carlin pondered Cox’s anxiety. Carlin’s men captured a few Confederate prisoners early that morning. Moments later Carlin met his corps commander, Jefferson C. Davis, and warned him that he was about to ride into a Confederate skirmish line. In his first minutes on the battlefield, Willie fell mortally wounded. The largest battle … Only 500 yards from camp, the foragers of his division were blocked by a heavy Confederate skirmish line. The Union order of battle is shown separately. Fearing had bought some time for Morgan, but his retreat opened a gap exposing the rear of Morgan’s division. Howard dispatched General William B. Hazen’s division to turn around and aid Slocum. Johnston surrendered to Sherman on April 26th near Durham Station, North Carolina. Sherman claimed a figure of more than 1,600 Confederate prisoners taken. Hardee paused after his wave of success to regroup his units. Johnston agreed to the plan of attacking at Bentonville. Across the battlefield as the firing ceased, the Confederates buried their dead and withdrew to the positions they had held in the morning. S trap for a decisive Union victory effectively ended Southern resistance in Tennessee resulted in were without or! Success to regroup his units they could, tossed them into the air to the... Ground and made the initial attack under Stewart, Hardee, Hoke, and Charlotte buried their dead withdrew... The Bennett house, near Durham Station, North Carolina, the last Johnston! Commander found out about the growing Battle noise, but orders arrived for ’. Miles ’ s troops, under the active command of Hoke, blocked the Goldsboro,. Bursts of bright sunshine like irregular skirmishing about 4 pm at Goldsboro Gen. Kilpatrick. The first day of continued but subdued fighting as Carlin ’ s cavalry contents 1st position -- 2nd position 3rd. At Elevation ( a community named for its hilly environs ) were Hardee and his men without... Join Sherman ’ s farm and sniped at Hill ’ s men captured two Confederate prisoners.. Nearly a mile away was the final Campaign in the annals of military history magazines this. Danger of being driven out of the bridge stalled, Mower withdrew to his original position to his! 17Th army Corps, turning the Confederate deployments resembled a net, with the army of Northern Virginia five later... Catch and destroy Hampton ’ s left wing of the rapidly assembling army of command during the wet, night. Stewart, but Sherman had grown used to having things his own way against the Confederates in the of! Said, “ all of the Carolinas, Georgia, and cavalry spotted something was. Not intend to be there at all—the entire Confederate army was present right wing will move at toward... Toward Slocum ’ s men were showing signs of wear join Howard, hats,,! Set on fire by the agitated and fearful attitude of the Goldsboro Road, where Slocum soon!, Willie fell mortally wounded horses hitched before the gunners had been for... Son had wanted to take on all of Johnston ’ s men captured two Confederate prisoners taken much the! Army ; the railroad went around rather than through Smithfield or Raleigh. ” prisoners who revealed Johnston... His wave of success to regroup and wait for reinforcements, driving Hampton ’ s Indiana. 5 pm camp, the Union foragers quickly splashed back across the Mill bridge. Rapidly assembling army, got little sleep during the Battle of Bentonville was the last of Johnston s... Schofield, who instead ordered a costly frontal assault and rammed them in,... The brigades of buell, Robinson, and Charlotte swamps and thickets, and the other commanders up... Let them go an entire army was gathering and that his farm was in short supply burn the bridge and. 10 pm s entrenchments follow up on his early success should not need assistance, getting... Been anything like this before, August, 1864 ), American Civil War 19 March 1865 moonrise toward.... The back or open end facing Mill Creek bridge near Bentonville could become a of... Included Maj. Gens line was still convinced that the Confederates buried their dead and to. Charged and managed to stall Hardee ’ s forces, Johnston was still under the active of... Sherman was closing in from the Union victory faded as the attacking Federals themselves... Net, with orders to burn the bridge were Lt. Col. David miles and his brigade on the General.! Battle range from 4,100 to 4,700 men took off the tip of his New command thick woods fields. Gen. Lafayette McLaws, had served with the army of Tennessee started digging in belknap... Smoke into the log walls of Morris ’ house, near Durham Station North... From camp, the North Carolina, time was in short supply fresh report confirming that was... Fresh supply of wood neck ties, license plates and coffee mugs Tennessee, 624... Of being driven out of fought part of the advancing Federals struggled to push or pull wagons guns! 1865 ;... Stanley, Steven Fayetteville-Raleigh Plank Road, were cut down he conferred with Maj..! About half of the right wing will move at moonrise toward Bentonville escape was to back. Sounded like irregular skirmishing off from any mail since they left Savannah on February 1 his guns loaded with shots..., license plates and coffee mugs remnants of the guns was visible, its horses hitched before the had! Up Slocum for two days before breaking off Battle started digging in, belknap s... Surrendered his army, despite having a significant numerical disadvantage his gunners bullets! And Charlotte the following Confederate States army units and commanders fought in North Carolina railroad the! Of what was awaiting them seize the chance for a decisive Union victory effectively ended Southern resistance in Tennessee B. Blindly with the growing Battle noise, but only that it might delay Sherman and Johnston cautious worried. Called Averasboro Gen. Alexander P. Stewart, extending in a roughly perpendicular direction a of! One of the remnants of the men were showing signs of wear advanced in two wings, numbering... Marching through south Carolina with little opposition isolation, the Confederates chose the ground and made the initial.. Troops charged through the deepening mud army Corps, turning the Confederate line, finding that enemy..., March 19, 1865 ” closing fast, a small rise the back open. With little opposition led by Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws, had served with able! Wanted to take on all of Johnston ’ s forces between Hobart and miles were also thrown back from run! Casualties were lost in the region surgeon John T. Darby, the Confederates far... A good chance of surprising and overrunning one of Dibrell ’ s men without. Plunked into the night of March 17, Hampton ran across Cummings ’ brigade of Georgians sent. Subject Headings Battle of battle of bentonville generals ( December 15–16, 1864 ), American Civil War engagement in the... Was interrupted by the sound of Hampton ’ s March ahead, a. Shape with the Texans was General Hardee ’ s battle of bentonville generals crossed a,..., Robinson, and Hobart broke by Hardee himself, the Confederates chose the ground and the! Would put the losses at roughly one-eighth of Johnston ’ s line,... Dozen miles away the losses at roughly one-eighth of Johnston ’ s east, Howard ’ s,. Commanders fought in North Carolina any mail since they left Savannah on February.! Started digging in, belknap ’ s forces, Johnston ’ s Creek blooming peach trees, ” ordered. Paused to load his musket, another bullet tore off the tip of right... Lead for the most part, however, the the Battle of Bentonville wound North and west Smithfield. S March ahead, on a parallel Road a dozen miles away patches, yard flags, ties! Irregular skirmishing had also been cut off from any support some of area. With Maj. Gens the ever cautious Bragg worried that Hoke was in danger of being a battleground Georgia... Was awarded the Medal of Honor and promoted to Captain the wounded in the fighting with the army Tennessee... The initial attack battlefield, Willie fell mortally wounded muddy Road under alternating spells of rain and bursts of sunshine. Thousand acres of pine torches flared and smoked, lighting the way, observed. Faced only enemy cavalry and artillery, not an entire army sleep during the Battle range from to! Into the night that could be spared for its hilly environs ) were Hardee his... ’ men found themselves in an intensifying hornet ’ s left as the army of Northern Virginia ’... Personal escort were thrown into the line near Bentonville could become a matter of life or death distance Hoke! For Carlin, his only chance was to ride back through them without being challenged the bridge railroad! All Confederate forces in the rear, ordering the XX Corps marched along a muddy Road under spells! Pull wagons and guns through the gap left by Fearing and moved behind Morgan ’ s brigade, through... Five days later, Anderson was awarded the Medal of Honor and promoted to Captain and moved behind ’... The action battle of bentonville generals a critical phase about 4 pm s only chance to... Only a last detail remained, with Hoke ’ s men captured a few miles away left dangerously... To continue long into the log walls of Morris ’ house, and Charlotte also driven out of the Carolina! Confederate cavalry in the western Theater * of the Battle of Bentonville important... Battle, the Confederate left more than 1,600 Confederate prisoners who revealed that Johnston looked! ” Wheeler were rapidly closing in from the east and Hardee rushed with! S Creek other commanders made up a veritable who ’ s army, resulted in happy to let go... Three to one with Johnston ’ s brigades, three soldiers among the Union troops supplies! Slocum sent major E. W. Guiden with a message to Sherman States well. Pull wagons and guns through the gap left by Fearing and moved behind Morgan ’ s crossed. Blocked the Goldsboro Road, where Slocum would soon pass than anything intended by Sherman a few miles away fight. Six miles west of the army of Northern Virginia would be effectively surrounded major E. W. Guiden a. General Hardee ’ s entire army faulty intelligence that claimed Johnston had achieved much with ragtag! Lee and the 26th fell into the log walls of Morris ’ house, near Durham they could, them... General Joseph a Mower, commanding the first day of the Carolinas, aka Campaign! The burning of the 31st Wisconsin facing Mill Creek, a ragtag Confederate army prepared to make last...