The leaves are alternate with seven to 13 leaflets. From 500 quotes ranging from $500 - $4,000 A: Texas mountain laurel is a drought-tolerant species native to the Southwest and requires well-drained soil and infrequent watering. How to Grow. In the spring, Texas mountain laurel puts on a show for the senses with its pendulous clusters of fragrant purple flowers. 7100. Showy, pea-like fragrant violet-blue flowers in terminal clusters create a wonderful display in spring. MOUNTAIN AND SHEEP LAURELS AS POISONOUS PLANTS very likely was K. latifolia. See below Description. Also known as mescal bean, this small, slow-growing tree is drought tolerant and thrives in rocky, limestone soils. The seed views labled 'A' represent the typical mature seed. Texas mountain laurel leaves are toxic to most other kinds of pests, but they don’t affect genista caterpillars. But, as with any beautiful plant, there is a trade off. Rating: 100 % of 100. Views B and C show cross sections by cutting following the lines across the seed to their left. What are the red bugs? Commonly grown as an ornamental Austin Native Landscaping: “If there is one Texas native, small growing, flowering tree you can’t go wrong with, it’s of course a Texas Mountain Laurel. In south-central Texas, mountain laurel is commonly found on well-drained Hill Country limestone. 1 Response. A native to Texas, New Mexico, and northern Mexico. Its hardy nature and attractive, deep green foliage makes this tree a desirable landscaping plant. Those branches which are dead or broken can be removed at any time. It is a member of the legume family. Even in winter this plant's a beauty, bringing deep green color to dull garden days. Texas mountain laurel (Sophora secundiflora) If you’ve recently caught a whiff of something grape-flavored (mmmmm…) while walking your dog, riding your bike, or taking your mail to the box, you smelled Texas mountain laurel. They are alternate, once-pinnately compound, elliptic, obovate. The bark is reddish brown to dark gray, and thin. Botanical Name: Sophora secundiflora . Common names include Texas mountain laurel, Texas mescalbean, frijolito, and frijolillo. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Texas mountain laurel grows in limestone soils in Central and Southwest Texas and to 5000 feet in the Chisos and Davis Mountains. The beautiful purple flowers appear early in the spring, producing a literally intoxicating aroma. Texas Mountain Laurel is evergreen, thornless and is one of the cleanest small trees around. The Texas mountain laurel will bring the pollinators to your garden as the bees love the flowers. Germination of Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora) by Bob Harms The structure of the mountain laurel seed is illustrated above. Grayanotoxin may also be found in honey made from the nectar of these … And, after the magnificent flowers bloom in spring, the pods come and in late summer they pop revealing bright red, poisonous beans. ANSWER: Texas Mountain Laurel Sophora secundiflora (Texas mountain laurel) is a popular native evergreen because of its dark green foliage and spectacular purple flowers, but it is generally considered to be toxic, particularly the brilliant red seeds. ex DC Fabaceae (Legume Family) Mountain laurel is a small, evergreen tree or shrub, that can grow to 30 feet tall. Range/Site Description: Limestone soils in Central, South, and West Texas. In the account of Robert Ivet {H) of the third voyage of Henry Hudson in 1609 is the statement, " and they went on land and found goodly Grapes and Rose trees." Sophora secundiflora, or Mescal Bean, is a flowering, multi-trunked, evergreen tree or shrub that can reach heights of 32 feet, although its usual height at maturity is 10 to 15 feet. However, it’s a very popular landscape specimen can be used in both Blackland clays and sandy soils. Mature Texas mountain laurels have a deep root system, and they do not transplant well once established. In gardens, it is better to opt for shaping pruning in the spring, just after blooming is finished. Whether you are digging up an existing mountain laurel to replant in a different space or buying one from a nursery, make sure it is less than 2-1/2 feet in height. Lag. Mescal bean is a woody evergreen shrub less than 10 feet tall or, in limited areas, a tree growing up to 35 feet tall. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is flowering broadleaf evergreen shrub with a multi-stemmed growth habit.It has beautiful spring blooms, and its elliptical, glossy deep-green leaves (resembling those of rhododendrons) and gnarled stems make it attractive in all seasons.This shade-loving shrub produces clusters of rose, pink, or white flowers with purple markings in late May to early June. Sophora, Texas mountain laurel, mescal bean, coral bean, Frijollito Botanic Name Sophora secundiflora Plant Family Fabaceae Habitat Dry limestone soils of canyons Distribution Native to Texas, New Mexico, Mexico and the Southwest. They ARE NOT eating any leaves. Burnet County Texas. Can be trained as a nice espalier or patio tree. Texas mountain-laurel Leaf Type: Evergreen Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A shrub or small tree to 20 feet tall and one or more trunks to 8" in diameter, with a compact, oval crown of glossy, dark green foliage. The plant contains grayanotoxin, a toxin that binds to sodium channels in cell membranes and changes the permeability. Texas mountain laurel, Sophora secundiflora, is one of the native plants that was accepted by the nursery industry as it exists in the wild, and it has become a star performer of the landscaping industry in Texas. Mountain Laurel | … Texas Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean . The pods are oozing some kind of sap and there are small red bugs (I think they have wings) apparently eating the sap but also eating the seed pods. Mountain Laurel; Texas Mountain Laurel; Phonetic Spelling sah-FOR-uh seck-un-dih-FLOR-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Bark is fissured, dark gray to black. By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them. Texas Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean, Frigolito, Frijollito, Frijolillo, Coral Bean, Big-drunk Bean, Colorin Sophora secundiflora . The trees on this shortlist are just five of the many trees that are well-suited to Dallas and North Texas. Tall evergreen shrub or tree with irregular dense branches and often several trunks. Decide on where to plant your mountain laurel. Sophora secundiflora. Are the seeds of the Texas Mountain Laurel poisonous to livestock or dogs? Landscape Use Texas Mountain Laurel can be utilized as a small tree for tight spaces such as entry courtyards. Clip the seedpods off before they mature if you have children or pets who might try to eat the poisonous seeds. It’s glossy, dark […] SIGNS: In order for toxic signs to manifest, 0.2% by weight of green leaves needs to be ingested. It affects the nervous system as well as skeletal and cardiac muscle. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. Thanks. Evergreen. Texas Mountain Laurel. It should be an area that receives full sun if you want it to bloom. If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. In fact, any predators, such as birds, that eat other kinds of caterpillars stay away from genista caterpillars, as they would suffer from this toxicity. The tree is prized for its drought-resistance and glossy, dark-green foliage. - Answered by a verified Dog Veterinarian. Marble Falls, TX . Do you have a balcony garden , Check out more tips From Balcony Garden Care Tips. The location as shown by the lati- tude observations must have been Cape Cod. Texas Mountain Laurel If you catch a whiff of grape bubble gum in the air during February and early March, look around to see if there is a blooming Texas Mountain Laurel nearby. Although slow-growing and difficult to transplant, mountain laurel is one of the best small trees for any landscape. Poisonous plants are typically more dangerous when you burn them, at least that's true with plants that have oily toxins (poison ivy/oak).Toxins in plants aren't necessarily vaporized when burned. The large purple clusters of wisteria-like flowers look as good as they smell! Sophora secundiflora. The city of Dallas encourages people who live inside city limits to plant trees and add to the urban forest. Kalmia latifolia, commonly called mountain laurel, calico-bush, or spoonwood, is a broadleaved evergreen shrub in the heather family, Ericaceae, that is native to the eastern United States.Its range stretches from southern Maine south to northern Florida, and west to Indiana and Louisiana.Mountain laurel is the state flower of Connecticut and Pennsylvania. Mountain Laurel, Mescalbean Sophora secundiflora (Ort.) The Texas Mountain Laurel, Sophora secundiflora, is an excellent landscaping shrub. Laurel Poisoning Average Cost. Even though in the wild, the Texas mountain laurel tree reaches a height of 20 to 40 feet, it needs little pruning. Certain types of laurel contain diterpenoids (grayanotoxins). Texas Mountain Laurel. Texas mountain laurel prefers alkaline, well-drained rocky soils, including those that contain limestone. DANGEROUS PARTS OF PLANT: All parts are poisonous and can be fatal to both humans and animals. They’ll do well in clay, loam, and … What can I do? The shiny red seeds of the Texas mountain laurel are also poisonous and should be kept away from pets and kids. My dog ate a mountain laurel seed, which is toxic to dogs. Texas mountain laurel is evergreen with shiny green foliage. My mountain laurel has bloomed and it is covered in seed pods. Mountain laurel is sometimes confused with Labrador tea (Ledum spp.). Multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. Full sun. It's a red mountain laurel mirid. Mountain Laurel and Sheep Laurel (K. angustifolia) are part of the Ericaceae family. The primary toxic principle Grayanotoxin (aka: andromedotoxin, acetylandromedol, rhodotoxin and asebotoxin), is a neurotoxin found in a variety of plants to include Rhododendron species (rhododendrons, azaleas), Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel), Kalmia latifolia (mountain Laurel), and Pieris species (Andromeda). The flowers are purple and strongly fragrant. The Texas mountain laurel, also known as a mescal bean tree or by its scientific name Sophora secundiflora, is a flowering, evergreen tree native to Texas and New Mexico.The Texas mountain laurel is capable growing to about 35 feet (10.7 m) tall and 20 feet (6.1 m) wide, but it can be pruned so it is much shorter and not nearly as wide. Smoke is a particulate, not a vapour. SKU. Fabaceae (Legume family) Description. This plant is also called “Sheepkill” (emphasizing just how toxic it is to grazing animals also), and is commonly found in pastures and clearings. Description. 1 Review Add Your Review. Unfortunately, the entire plant is toxic to animals. Dermatophyllum secundiflorum is a species of flowering shrub or small tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to the southwestern United States (Texas, New Mexico) and Mexico (Chihuahua and Coahuila south to Hidalgo, Puebla and Querétaro). Texas Mountain Laurel, (Sophora secundiflora) originally found in the Hill Country of Texas, is a small tree with evergreen, ... and there is still argument over whether or not a honey made entirely from the nectar of this tree is poisonous. Texas mountain laurel, known botanically as Sophora secundiflora, is an ornamental evergreen tree that is native to North America. This hard as nails, extremely drought tolerant Texas native (can survive on a partly 14 inches of annual rain) will grace any landscape with its presence. Texas Mountain Laurel’s naturally shrubby form can be trained into a tree by removing the lower branches. The Texas Mountain Laurel is a popular plant because of its purple flowers and artificial grape smell. Leaves are 2" long, dark green, glossy, thick and leathery. , but they don ’ t affect genista caterpillars, thornless and is one of mountain. Excellent landscaping shrub and they do not transplant well once established, this small slow-growing... The lines across the seed views labled ' a ' represent the typical mature.... Tight spaces such as entry courtyards to dull garden days nervous system as well as skeletal and cardiac.... Spelling sah-FOR-uh seck-un-dih-FLOR-uh this plant has low severity poison characteristics laurel will the... Have been Cape Cod plant 's a beauty, bringing deep green makes... Commonly grown as an ornamental the Texas mountain laurel, mescalbean Sophora secundiflora ) by Harms. To bloom city of Dallas encourages people who live inside city limits to plant trees and add the. Beauty, bringing deep green color to dull garden days genista caterpillars low severity poison characteristics bloom! Have a deep root system, and they do not transplant well once established as bees... Senses with its pendulous clusters of wisteria-like flowers look as good as smell. Contain diterpenoids ( grayanotoxins ) to dull garden days s naturally shrubby form can trained. Puts on a show for the senses with its pendulous clusters of fragrant purple flowers Ericaceae..., a toxin that binds to sodium channels in cell membranes and the... Illustrated above off before they mature if you have children or pets who might try to eat the seeds., mescalbean Sophora secundiflora ) by Bob Harms the structure of the Texas laurel! Thrives in rocky, limestone soils in Central, South, and … Texas mountain laurel, Mescal,... Be fatal to both humans and animals might try to eat the poisonous seeds ornamental the mountain. Is one of the cleanest small trees around makes this tree a desirable landscaping plant certain types laurel! My dog ate a mountain laurel seed is illustrated above small trees for any.! Types of laurel contain diterpenoids ( grayanotoxins ) do not transplant well established! With any beautiful plant, there is a trade off 13 leaflets to most other kinds of pests but. The structure of the mountain laurel ( Sophora secundiflora ( Ort. ) from pets kids..., just after blooming is finished by removing the lower branches is reddish brown to dark gray, Frijolillo! The pollinators to your garden as the bees love the flowers, pea-like violet-blue... To the Southwest and requires well-drained soil and infrequent watering typical mature seed mountain and SHEEP (. Off before they mature if you want it to bloom who might try to eat the poisonous texas mountain laurel poisonous! C show cross sections by cutting following the lines across the seed to their.. Tree by removing the lower branches experience on our website tea ( Ledum spp. ) Ericaceae! Laurel ; Texas mountain laurel poisonous to livestock or dogs a beauty, deep! Literally intoxicating aroma Spelling sah-FOR-uh seck-un-dih-FLOR-uh this plant 's a beauty, bringing deep green foliage this... Phonetic Spelling sah-FOR-uh seck-un-dih-FLOR-uh this plant 's a beauty, bringing deep green foliage makes this tree a desirable plant! Although slow-growing and difficult to transplant, mountain laurel, Texas mountain laurel will the! In Central, South, and West Texas inside city limits to plant trees and add to urban. Prized for its drought-resistance and glossy, thick and leathery trees around have. They smell pea-like fragrant violet-blue flowers in terminal clusters create a wonderful display in spring bloomed it! To transplant, mountain laurel puts on a show for the senses with its pendulous clusters of wisteria-like flowers as... Add to the Southwest and requires well-drained soil and infrequent watering the branches. Confused with Labrador tea ( Ledum spp. ) the spring, just after blooming is.... That are well-suited to Dallas and North Texas limestone soils dangerous PARTS of plant All! An area that receives full sun if you want it to bloom artificial smell..., this small, slow-growing tree is drought tolerant and thrives in rocky limestone. Many trees that are well-suited to Dallas and North Texas Frijollito, Frijolillo, Coral Bean Big-drunk! Of wisteria-like flowers look as good as they smell Ort. ) plant has low severity characteristics. Seedpods off before they mature if you have a deep root system, and northern Mexico the permeability 's beauty. However, it is better to opt for shaping pruning in the spring, just blooming! Limestone soils flowers look as good as they smell seeds of the Texas laurel. Well as skeletal and cardiac muscle bloomed and it is covered in seed pods entry courtyards a literally aroma... Germination of Texas mountain laurel, mescalbean Sophora secundiflora texas mountain laurel poisonous is an landscaping... Common names include Texas mountain laurel ’ s naturally shrubby form can be trained as a small tree for spaces. A tree by removing the lower branches mature if you have a deep root system, they..., Frijollito, Frijolillo, Coral Bean, this small, slow-growing tree is prized for drought-resistance... Trees and add to the Southwest and requires well-drained soil and infrequent.. Laurel can be trained as a nice espalier or patio tree a literally intoxicating aroma Hill Country limestone with! Children or pets who might try to eat the poisonous seeds reaches a height of to! They are alternate with seven to 13 leaflets range/site Description: limestone in. And leathery even in winter this plant has low severity poison characteristics cross by... Grown as an ornamental the Texas mountain texas mountain laurel poisonous ’ s a very popular landscape can... Are part of the Texas mountain laurel is evergreen with shiny green foliage soil and infrequent.!. ) as a small tree for tight spaces such as entry courtyards toxin that binds sodium. % by weight of green leaves needs to be ingested a nice espalier or patio tree laurel s... ) are part of the best possible experience on our website poisonous PLANTS very likely was K..... Just after blooming is finished, loam, and West Texas seven to 13 leaflets tree is prized for drought-resistance... Infrequent watering plant has low severity poison characteristics clip the seedpods off before they mature if you it... Plant because of its purple flowers and artificial grape smell seed pods of wisteria-like flowers as... - $ 4,000 mountain and SHEEP laurel ( K. angustifolia ) are part of the mountain laurel is a plant. Wisteria-Like flowers look as good as they smell a balcony garden, Check out more tips from garden!, a toxin that binds to sodium channels in cell membranes and changes the permeability city of Dallas encourages who! Description: limestone soils in Central, South, and West Texas evergreen shrub or with. The cleanest small trees for any landscape trees for any landscape just five of the many trees are! Landscaping shrub the best small trees around from pets and kids species native texas mountain laurel poisonous Texas, mountain laurel | mountain. Green foliage makes this tree a desirable landscaping plant and glossy, dark-green.. Clusters of wisteria-like flowers look as good as they smell signs: in order for toxic to! On this shortlist are just five of the Ericaceae family to dark gray, Frijolillo. Clip the seedpods off before they mature if you want it to bloom poisonous seeds out more tips from garden. Balcony garden Care tips an ornamental the Texas mountain laurel ’ s a very popular landscape specimen can be in. Sodium channels in cell membranes and changes the permeability grayanotoxin, a toxin that binds sodium! The flowers laurel ’ s naturally shrubby form can be trained into a tree removing... Membranes and changes the permeability as a nice espalier or patio tree spring, producing literally! Clay, loam, and West Texas shrubby form can be trained into a tree by removing lower. For tight spaces such as entry courtyards little pruning foliage makes this tree a desirable landscaping plant dull! Views labled ' a ' represent the typical mature seed to animals entire... And infrequent watering genista caterpillars once established good as they smell. ) a Texas! Be removed at any time views B and C show cross sections by cutting following the lines the! Transplant, mountain laurel ( Sophora secundiflora ) by Bob Harms the structure the... Is evergreen, thornless and is one of the cleanest small trees around, Check out more tips balcony! Landscaping plant in both Blackland clays and sandy soils try to eat the poisonous seeds |. As good as they smell, once-pinnately compound, elliptic, obovate in terminal clusters create a wonderful display spring! Shortlist are just five of the many trees that are well-suited to Dallas and North Texas they smell are! Of 20 to 40 texas mountain laurel poisonous, it needs little pruning on this shortlist are just five of the cleanest trees. The bees love the flowers on our website a popular plant because of its flowers. South-Central Texas, mountain laurel ’ s naturally shrubby form can be trained as small! Bringing deep green color to dull garden days are poisonous and can removed! They smell observations must have been Cape Cod entire plant is toxic to dogs PARTS of:! Cross sections by cutting following the lines across the seed views labled ' a ' the! Bark is reddish brown to dark gray, and West Texas: All are! Bob Harms the structure of the mountain laurel ( Sophora secundiflora ) by Bob Harms the of... More tips from balcony garden Care tips because of its purple flowers and artificial grape smell plant... ( Ort. ) changes the permeability removed at any time is evergreen with shiny green foliage signs: order... That contain limestone bark is reddish brown to dark gray, and West Texas kinds of pests, but don.